While most scholars point to the Stalinist turn as a key marker in Soviet transformation, I argue that the policies pursued in the revolutionary period of 1917 to Stalin’s rise in 1929/30 are an extension of the Bolshevik movement of 1917. The social and political formulations that allow for the building of a communist state are also uniquely situated in considerations concerning gender and robust education policy; thus, conditioning the national model to be uniquely reflective of Marxist ideology and Russian self-determination. By making Nadezhda Krupskaya a key focal point in discerning policy and social theory, we come to see this process more clearly, as state formation in the Soviet Union was part of a greater scheme to redefine national identity in terms of communist values that intersected with labor and education. Therefore, Krupskaya may be more important than originally thought in the construction of the Soviet state and the development of Soviet identity.






Undergraduate - St. Joseph's College, NY:

Bachelor of Arts in English (Double Minor: Political Science, Psychology) 

Dean's List 2013

Dean's List 2014


Graduate - SUNY Stony Brook University: 

Master of Arts in Political Science & Public Policy 


Doctoral Studies - St. John's University:

Ph.D., History (in progress)

Devatses Fellowship

University Doctoral Fellowship



Universal Basic Income Project
Lecture, Stony Brook University
Lecture, Stony Brook University
Lecture, Stony Brook University
Port Jefferson, NY

The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character--that is the goal of true education. 

Martin Luther King Jr. 

Any Fool can know. The point is to understand.

Albert Einstein

If there is no struggle, there is no progress. 

Frederick Douglass